Development of rural India is sine qua non as 69 percent people live in rural areas. In absolute term of the 121 crore Indians, 83.3 crore live in rural areas while 37.7 crore stay in urban areas. The people of rural India have been suffering from various issues inter alia of which are poverty, illiteracy, unemployment/under employment, lack of all-weather roads etc. To tackle the issues of rural people Ministry of Rural Development time to time has been initiating different programmes e.g. for providing livelihood opportunities to those in need including women and other vulnerable sections with focus on Below Poverty Line (BPL) households, NRLM is in operation and prior to that SGSY was implemented. The impact of SGSY by uplifting rural Below Poverty Line (BPL) families to Above Poverty Line (APL) was not uniform in all the parts of the country. Some States could perform well, some could not do. In view of this a Committee constituted by the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India, under the chairmanship Prof R. Radhakrishna was formed by the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India, to look into the credit related issues under SGSY. The Committee suggested some measures in this regard and NRLM is the outcome of the Report and later on NRLM has been renamed as DAY-NRLM. And as wage-employment scheme MGNREGA/MGNREGS with cases has been highlighted here. The other programmes such as DDUGKY, RSETI and some states specific issues have been covered here.
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