Population Growth and Crime in Calabar City, Cross River State, Nigeria.

Folayan, Olagoke Franklin

Abstract


This study focuses on population growth and street crimes in Calabar City. It bridged the gap in socio-physical policies in attempt to fix the pressure from population growth and upsurge of kidnap and cultism crime which question safety in the city. The research is based on Environmental Criminology Theory. The study employed a decade of population and crime statistics and selected respondents using 800 copies of questionnaire. The result of tested hypothesis accepted the research hypothesis at a significant value of 0.403. This shows that that there is no significant relationship between population size and crime. The study identified prevalence of theft, burglary, armed robbery, and fraud triggered by cultist in the city. Analyses of variance outcome revealed that there is a significant variation in neighbourhoods’ characteristics. Crime is unevenly spread due to socio-economic inequalities in neighbourhoods. Crime causation is blamed on Poverty Index value of 65.70% while other causes of crime are incompatible landuses. These caused Calabar City to exhibit a moderate safety level of 63.9%. Crime prevention strategies include reducing crime opportunities through urban renewal strategy and physical development control by strengthening legal instruments. Anti-cultism and anti-kidnap bill become inevitable as a law to deter potential crime offenders. The formation of social security bill for population control and creation of gainful employment opportunities is also suggested to reduce poverty the mother crime.


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