The Prevalence and Effect of Workplace Violence on Womens Psychosocial Functioning at Dabat District

Nahom Eyasu

Abstract


Workplace violence is common and serious public problem affecting millions of people each year throughout the Amhara National Regional States of Ethiopia. And, experiences of workplace violence against women can lead to long term mental and emotional health problems, affecting womens job performance and decision making capacity and thereby deferring them from becoming productive citizens. In order to address these problems, the specific objectives of the study aimed at finding the prevalence of workplace violence at the study area; to identify the extent to which workplace violence affects womens cognitive functioning; to assess the effects of workplace violence on womens emotional demand; and to determine the effect of violence at workplace on womens social relations. To realize such objectives, concurrent triangulation mixed method was used. Specifically, probability for quantitative and non-probability sampling technique for qualitative method were used; the response rate of questionnaire was 91% (220/201). For triangulating the quantitative data, 2 key informants, 2 FGDs, and 4 in-depth interviews were conducted. The main finding of this study was that the prevalence of workplace violence at the study area was 54.2%. In addition to this, workplace violence had higher probability of constraining decision making capacity at work setting; it has negatively impacted their true feelings and the emotions they show to their customers; and it has forced women workers to accept others points: ideas, concern, and feeling without believing in those views.


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