Urbanization & Internal Migration- Emerging Challenges & Initiatives

Keshari Nandan Mishra

Abstract


Growing urbanization is an important social transformation that is taking place all over the world, especially in developing countries. While cross-border immigration has received considerable attention of the researchers and government bodies, the internal migration of people within domestic territory of a country has not been paid much attention in planning and implementing policies. Internal movement of people away from their usual place of residence for economic or other reasons has been the major cause of growth of urban centers. Rural-to-urban migration has increased multi-fold, especially after transition of Indian society from agrarian to industrial to service oriented society. This phenomenon has put existing cities under great strain in providing civic amenities to all the migrants as well as ensuring respect of their fundamental rights as Indian citizens.

There is an urgent need to identify all the relevant aspects – economic, social, cultural, political – related to internal migration. Strategies to be adopted by planners and executive in ensuring social and cultural inclusion of migrant population need to be evolved. While Government has taken some initiatives in bringing migrants into main streamline, there is lot to be done still. Paper would also highlight the issues pertaining to women & children migrants. This Paper attempts to collect details on above mentioned aspects and to stimulate positive action from all the stakeholders.


Keywords


Urbanization, Government, Migration, Policies, Territory, Social, Cultural

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