Urbanization and Slum Issues in Haryana

Kuldeep Singh

Abstract


Actually urbanization is an index of transformation from traditional rural economy to modern industrial one. However, India is among the countries of low level of urbanization, nevertheless, we cannot ignore the fact that recently the process of urbanization has taken a momentum in the wake of 21st century. The growth of industries has contributed to the growth of cities and townships in many parts of India. Consequently it has denoted a diffusion of the influence of urban centers to a rural hinterland. Therefore, here it is noteworthy to say that the process of urbanization has become a boon as well as curse for the urban population. Most of the scholars assume the fact that it is due to unmanageable and unplanned developmental activities in the urban areas. Slums and associated problems are today major issues and challenges for urban development. Likewise, Haryana is also facing many problems and challenges in term of the process of urbanization. Moreover, the state has crossed the national average level of urbanization and some of the major cities like Gurugram and Faridabad are facing many problems such as garbage, slums, sewerage, transport, water, energy, environment etc. in recent years.


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