Development through Tourism A Study in Sri Lanka

Shankar Chatterjee

Abstract


  Tourism is an important sector that has great impact on development of any country’s economy. The main benefits of tourism are employment generation without creating any type of problem in environment and in turn tourism helps to develop primary, secondary and tertiary sectors. Sri Lanka is a peaceful country and lot of places of different types may be visited for tourism purpose. The statistics reveal when the government decided to develop the tourism sector as a separate sector of Sri Lanka's economy by establishing the Ceylon Tourist Bureau in 1966, altogether 18,969 foreign tourists visited Sri Lanka. In 2009 the number went up to 448,000 and in 2015 the number of tourists visited was 1,798,380 indicating over 300 per cent growth in six years. Only, during the civil war that was ended in 2009, after 25 years of conflict tourism sector suffered. With the visit of Sri Lanka in March 2018, I could get more insight about the Island and its people and culture. For me Kandy looks like any small hill station of India.  Again Bentota and its vicinity look like Goa.  The road from Colombo to Kandy (around 120 Kilometres) albeit not very wide (may be two lanes of India) but neat and clean, no plastic bottle or bag may be found anywhere in the road side.  Similar is the case of Colombo to Bentota road. The Pinnewala Elephant Orphanage is Sri Lanka's most popular tourist attraction. The orphanage's population has now mushroomed to around 93, making it the world’s largest collection of captive elephants. Kosgoda Sea Turtle Conservation Project is worthy place to be seen.



Keywords


Bentota, Pinnewala Elephant Orphanage, Tourism, Turtle and Sri Lanka.

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