Thermal Analysis of A V12 Engine

CH S NAGA PRASAD

Abstract


A V12 engine often just called a V12 is an internal combustion engine with 12 cylinders. The engine has six cylinders on each side called banks. The two banks form a "V" shaped angle. In most engines, the two banks are at a 60° angle to each other. All twelve pistons turn a common crankshaft. It can be powered by different types of fuels, including gasoline, diesel and natural gas. A V12 engine does not need balance shafts. A V12 angled at 45°, 60°, 120°, or 180° from each other has even firing and is smoother than a straight-6. This provides a smooth running engine for a luxury car. In a racing car, the engine can be made much lighter. This makes the engine more responsive and smoother. In a large heavy-duty engine, a V12 can run slower and prolonging engine life.  The main objective of the project is how to develop the prototype of V 12 engine assembly using CAD tool SOLIDWORKS. These Engine  assembly consists major components they are Piston, Connecting Rod Assembly, Crank Shaft, Cylinder head, Cam Shaft, Valves, crank case, oil tank and spark plug with required dimensions. The components which are developed in SOLIDWORKS are also analyzed in it using simulation tool. The thermal analysis of Piston, crank shaft, cam shaft and valve is performed for 800k thermal loading and the results of temperature distribution of the Components are shown. Finally the thermal analysis results of the components are compared and the best suited material is selected.


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