Scrutinize Sub-National Formal Conflict Resolutions Institutions: The Case of Council of Nationalities

Yideg Munana Negah

Abstract


After the collapse of the dictatorial regime in 1991, Ethiopia developed, in its essence, its first Federal Democratic Constitution in 1995. Since then Ethiopia is declared as a federal state encompassing various ethno-linguistic groups. Accordingly, the federation has comprised nine regional states and two city administrations. One among the member states of the federation the SNNPR, are composed of several of multi ethnic communities. The SNNPR witnessed inter ethnic disputes such as identity, border and resource conflicts that caused unnecessary consequence. In the constitution, adopted by the Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples of the SNNPR, the Council of Nationalities was institutionalized with a number of constitutional mandates of which dispute management and resolution is the prominent one. Thus, the Council, which has different constitutional functions, is constitutionally empowered to deal with disputes for the main reason that to ensure full respect of the rights of NNPs enshrined in the constitution and hence, the house of nationalities with this power was thought essential. It is in light of this power that the article entitled ‘Scrutinize Formal Conflict Resolutions Institutions in Ethiopia: The case of Council of Nationalities of SNNP region. For the accomplishment of the objective of the study, largely secondary data and primary data obtained through unstructured interviews were used. In doing so, some cases entertained by the Council of Nationalities were analyzed. To achieve its goals the Council of Nationalities has designed strategies. But during the processes of conflict resolutions, the CoN has not been carried out as it supposed to resort.  Deploying security force has taken as a viable option to find out resort for conflicts emerged in the region. As a result, many of conflict cases in the region remain either unsettled or prolonged to violence. In fact the CoN had brought some remarkable achievements that reinforce its future endeavor. As institution which found in conflict prone areas, the CoN should strengthen its instructional frameworks, skilled human power, modern technology and desire to work with indigenous conflict resolution institution to get things done.

Scrutinize Sub-National Formal Conflict Resolution Institutions in Ethiopia: the Council of Nationalities of the South Nations, Nationalities and People Region


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