Sociological Basis of Educational Inequality between Rural and Urban Areas of Kano State.

KABIRU RABIU DARMA

Abstract


The purpose of this study is to find out the role of environmental bearing in influencing educational inequality between rural and urban areas of Kano state. Environmental bearing help to shape personality, cultural characteristic, ideological orientation and educational ideas of their teeming populace. The population of this study comprised of the entire senior secondary school students of urban and rural areas of Kano state.. A questionnaire titled “Assessment of Educational Inequality Questionnaire (AEIQ) was used for the study.  This was validated by experts and tested for reliability using the test – re – test method and data analyzed using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient statistics. The instrument was administered to 10 schools randomly selected from urban and rural areas of Kano state.. The data collected was analysed using the T test. It was revealed from the results that there is significant influence of settlement pattern in causing educational inequality between urban and rural areas of Kano state. There is a significant influence of parental socio-economic statue in causing educational inequality between urban and rural areas of Kano state. There is also a significant gender difference in term of educational inequality between rural and urban areas of Kano state.  Based on the findings, recommendations were made which include governments must implement policies that reduce poverty in rural areas, such as improving infrastructure, health and sanitation conditions, and modernizing the agricultural sector.


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