Socio-Economic Factors Affecting Juvenile Delinquency: A Study In Borstal Jails, Punjab

Hafeez Ullah Khan

Abstract


Juvenile Delinquency refers to criminal acts committed by children or teenagers, particularly anyone below the age of eighteen. Juvenile delinquency known as juvenile offending or youth crime is participation in illegal behavior by minors (juveniles) individuals younger than the statutory age of majority. Present study explored the juvenile delinquents and their main socio-economic factors and causes while committing the crime. Present study was conducted at Faisalabad and Bahawalpur districts in Punjab province, where two borstal institutions and juvenile jails are located for juvenile’s rehabilitation. The respondents were male, a group of delinquents between ages of 13-18 years living in the said universe. 140 respondents (70 from each jail) were selected by using simple random sampling technique. Data were collected with the help of a well-designed interview schedule. Data were analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. It was found the delinquency a legal term for criminal behavior carried out by a juvenile is often the result of escalating problematic behavior. Biological factors, such as being male, having low intelligence and short time horizon, are accurate predictors of crime. Family background factors, such as erratic parental discipline, lack of adequate supervision, and maternal rejection, are strongly linked with later criminal involvement. Social factors, such as income inequality, also exert significant influence on delinquent behavior among youths. It was found highly-significant association was found between family structure and the juvenile delinquency. A non-significant association was found between family environment and juvenile delinquency It was recommended that the conflict between parents is a strong variable for juvenile delinquency. Therefore, parents should avoid conflicting attitude in front of their offspring. There is also a need for social therapy for such parents through media, counseling and peer pressure.


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