- Authors hold full copyright and self archiving rights, they transfer the publishing rights to IJR.
- We do decline to publish material where a pre-print or working paper has been previously mounted online.
- We allow author to get their seminar papers published with note about the seminar if the paper is not mounted online.
- The research and review papers published in IJR can be archived in any private of public archives online or offline. For this purposed authors need to use the final published papers downloaded from http://internationaljournalofresearch.com/
- Authors are allowed to archive their article in open access repositories as “post-prints”. Note: a post-print is the version incorporating changes and modifications resulting from peer-review comments.
- The authors need to acknowledge the original reference to the published paper when used in some other format like epub or audio files.
- IJR offers Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License to researchers and scholar who uses the content of the published papers.
- Authors are free to use link to our published papers and share the published papers online or offline in the final format printed on the Journal website.
- Authors can index and store the published papers in the private or public archives or repositories like university database, internet archived, academia, researchgate etc.
- We promote sharing of knowledge with due credit to the authors and researchers of the papers published with IJR.
- Conflict of any interest between authors or institutions.
- The disclosure of financial support of any institution must be acknowledged if applicable.
- The conflict of interest should be written at the end of the paper and before the start of the References.
- International Journal of Research (IJR) publishes papers that are judged by editorial board or peer reviewed by expert reviewers.
- Types of articles allowed for publication include original research papers, reviews, mini-reviews, short research communications.
- IJR aims at rapid publication of quality research results and reviews while maintaining just and reasonable review process.
- The criteria for accepting a manuscript for publication in IJR are originality, innovation and scientific, social and developmental importance.
- All published articles are open access, and are freely available to thousands of researchers, scientists, faculties, students that use the internet as the most convenient mode of research every day.
- IJR ensures that published article gets indexed in other databases so that the research publications are easily accessible to all.
Advantages of Open access publishing through us are
- Unrestricted availability of article to all researchers and readers across the globe
- Immediate availability of article once the article is published online
- Higher citation and impact due to the reason that more researchers are able to view the article and use the same for their research purpose
- Faster publication owing to quicker processing and online only publication mode.
- High standards of publishing and stringent peer review process.
- Highly sustainable publishing model – More researchers are turning towards open access publishing model.
- Helping authors in long term self-archival of the article.
- Open access publishing mode provides a way for researchers from low-income and developing countries to participate more fully in the international research community.
- Free exchange of scientific information can play an important role in international development.
Copyright and License
- The article is original, has not been formally published/ accepted for publication in any other peer-reviewed journal, and does not infringe any existing copyright or any other third party rights;
- The article contains nothing that is unlawful, libelous, or which would, if published, constitute a breach of contract or of confidence or of commitment given to secrecy;
- They are the sole author(s) of the article and have full authority to enter into this agreement and in granting rights to Integrated Publishing Association are not in breach of any other obligation/ rights of any other person. If the law requires that the article be published in the public domain, they will notify publisher at the time of submission;
- They have taken due care to ensure the integrity of the article and also aggress to follow ethical principles and procedures of scientific publishing. To their – and currently accepted scientific – knowledge all statements contained in it purporting to be facts are true and any formula or instruction contained in the article will not,
- The Author declares that any person named as co-author of the Article is aware of the fact and has agreed to being so named.
- Author will indemnify the Publisher for, and hold the Publisher harmless from any loss, expense or damage occasioned by, any claim or suit by a third party for copyright infringement or arising out of any breach of the foregoing warranties as a result of publication of the Article.
- Authors know clearly about the details of open access publishing and also had read and understood the terms of Creative Commons license 3.0.
- Author(s) had obtained the necessary and required permission from the concerned sources for the material used in preparation of the article and the content of the article is completely free from copyright violation.
Reprints and permissions
Plagiarism is the copying of ideas, text, data and other creative work (e.g. tables, figures and graphs) and presenting it as original research without proper citation. Separate from the issue of plagiarism is the need for authors to obtain permission to reuse previously published work (even if properly cited) from the holder of the copyright (which is typically not the author).
It is essential that editors and reviewers be told by the authors when any portion of a paper is based heavily on previous work, even if this work has been written by one or more of the authors of the paper. It is the responsibility of the author not only to cite the previous work, including their own, but to provide an indication of the extent to which a paper depends on this work.
While following these broad principles, authors should recognize the following guidelines:
1) Plagiarism covers the use of ideas that have been presented in prior work, regardless of whether the ideas are expressed using the same words, tables or graphics.
2) Word-for-word copying of the work by others must be clearly identified. Short segments (a few words to one or two sentences) must be put in quotes or italicized; longer segments (e.g. a paragraph) should be indented or italicized. In both cases, the quoted work has to be followed by a citation, which may be a URL. This does not apply to casual phrases that do not convey original content (e.g. “This paper makes the following contributions”). Extensive copying of the work of others, even if clearly indicated, is generally not allowed.
3) More extensive word-for-word copying of one’s own work is permitted (with permission from the holder of any copyright), but this must be clearly indicated in the article. This does not apply to previous documents such as working papers and theses which were written as part of the research. If an entire section is copied from another source (co-authored by at least one author of the submitted paper), it should contain words to the effect “This section is taken from section x.x of Mr A and Mr B (2013)” (where Mr A and Mr B are co-authors of the submitted paper). Alternatively, a paper might include an opening footnote with a statement such as: An earlier version of this paper was presented at the […] conference on (date). [Reference to the original paper in the list of references]. The sections on […] and […] originally appeared in the conference paper. This paper adds results [ideas, analysis, improvements,] in sections […].
4) Proper attribution of an idea is required even if a journal operates with double-blind review. Authors should always cite related work even if that work is their own, even if the journal has double blind review. If an author is concerned that such citation would reveal their identity, thereby circumventing the double blind process, they should nevertheless include a “blinded” citation in the manuscript, i.e., a citation that does not include their name, and explain to the journal’s editor how, if the paper is accepted for publication, that citation will be changed for the final version.
5) The first paper in which a creative contribution occurs (text, ideas, analysis) gets the credit for the contribution, even if it has not yet been accepted for publication. Subsequent papers (by the same or different authors), are expected to cite the first paper (even if it is under review).
If the first paper is under review:
• It should still be cited in any subsequent use.
• If the material in the first paper is used as the basis for new research, it should be cited, but there is no need to inform the journal handling the original submission.
If the first paper is rejected:
• Authors of the first paper can transfer credit for the contribution to a later paper (even if the first paper is resubmitted elsewhere). The resubmitted first paper should then be modified to reference the later paper that now is credited with the contribution.
If the original contribution from the first paper is essentially presented again as the main contribution (as opposed to being used as the basis for new research), as might happen in a book chapter or conference proceedings paper, then special care must be taken:
6) The use and reuse of empirical data follows the same principles as other types of research, although some issues are unique to the nature of data as opposed to ideas expressed in text and mathematics. Some general guidelines regarding plagiarism in the reporting of empirical research are:
a) Reuse of empirical data to support new analysis must clearly identify the original source of the data and the degree to which the data is being reused or analysed in a new and innovative way.
b) Plagiarism in empirical research includes:
i) Copying or using any data without citation (and permission),
ii) Duplicating analysis (on the same data as an earlier paper) without citation which is essentially the same as the earlier paper,
iii) Copying, or direct reproduction, of charts and graphs that represent data from a previous publication in effectively the same way as an earlier paper, without citation.
7) Mathematics: While plagiarism of mathematical ideas is not allowed (credit must be given just as for other contributions), the re-use of notation for consistency is encouraged, including the re-use of variable definitions. If a mathematical idea is copied without attribution, but expressed with different notation, this is still plagiarism. This does not apply to mathematical models and algorithms that have become common knowledge within the research community. A paper should always indicate whether a mathematical model, algorithm or other result is from the literature, or is an original contribution of the paper. When in doubt, it is always best practice to cite prior contributions.
The overarching goal of this policy is transparency, so that the editorial staff understands what is new and original, and the degree to which the paper is drawing on the work of others or the authors. If you are not sure how to properly credit work that is presented elsewhere (such as a parallel publication which is also under review or a conference proceeding), the best strategy is to describe the situation in a cover letter to the editor.
The Editors-in-Chief is the primary means of detecting plagiarism in manuscripts submitted to IJR. Complainants shall bring cases of suspected author misconduct to the attention of the Editor-in-Chief (EIC). The EIC shall ensure that the following documentation is provided: written description of the alleged misconduct; title of the manuscript; full list of author names; for alleged plagiarized manuscript – title, list of author names and publication in which the manuscript appeared; for use of ideas – title of idea, full list of creators and date of creation; copies of both manuscripts; full name and address of complainant. An Editor-in-Chief (EIC), after being made aware of a suspicion of plagiarism, shall review all evidence and make a preliminary judgment regarding the claim. As part of the EIC’s deliberation, it is required that the authors be contacted and provided an opportunity to rebut the charge. If the EIC finds sufficient evidence for justification of a charge of plagiarism, the EIC shall forward all materials to the Vice President of Publications for further review.
Upon receipt of materials in support of a charge of plagiarism, the Vice President of Publications shall appoint an ad hoc committee to make a determination of the charge. The committee shall include, at a minimum, the Vice President of Publications and at least three other persons. At the discretion of the Vice President of Publications, other members of the Publications Committee may be appointed to the ad hoc committee, including the EIC who has presented the charge of plagiarism.
The ad hoc committee shall first contact the author(s) in writing and ask for a response to the charge. Based on the response, the ad hoc committee may obtain additional information, which may include a review of the manuscript in question by experts to help determine the level of plagiarism. The ad hoc committee shall determine whether the charge is to be upheld and, if so, the sanction which is to be enforced against the authors. Sanctions would typically include a ban from submission to IJR for a period of time. Additionally, it is required that any author found guilty of plagiarism who also holds an editorial office at IJR will be dismissed from that office. The ad hoc committee has the sole responsibility and authority to determine the sanction. Sanctions may be applied unevenly in the case of multiple authors.
Once the finding and the sanction is determined, the Vice President of Publications will communicate the results in writing to the author(s) and make the finding known to current EIC. If the charge is not upheld, the process ends and no further actions are taken. In particular, the results are only communicated to those persons already involved in the process.
The decision of the committee may be appealed within 30 days of receiving written notification from the Vice President of Publications by written notification to the editor, IJR. In this case, the President will appoint an appeal committee, which includes the Vice President of Publications but may not include any other members of the ad hoc committee. The appeal committee will review the charges and make a final determination. The result will be communicated back to the author(s) within 60 days of receipt of the appeal notification.
Given the serious nature of a charge of plagiarism, it is required that confidentiality be maintained throughout the process. The charge of plagiarism, supporting materials and outcome are only to be made known to those persons who are involved in the review process.
If a determination of plagiarism has been made, and after any appeals are exhausted, the ad hoc committee will determine appropriate steps both to ensure that it does not happen again and, if the plagiarized paper has appeared in print, to possibly notify the readership. These steps may include notification of the employer(s) of the author(s), and if the paper has appeared in print, public notification to the readership.
a. Verbatim copying, near-verbatim copying, or purposely paraphrasing a significant portion of another author’s paper without citing the source and without clearly delineating (e.g., in quotation marks) the source material.
• IJR will inform the Department Chair, Dean, or supervisor of the authors of the finding of plagiarism.
• The authors will be asked to write a formal letter of apology to the authors of the plagiarized paper, including an admission of plagiarism.
• If the paper has appeared in press, IJR will post a Notice of Plagiarism based on the investigation on the IJR Digital Library’s citation page of the plagiarizing paper and will remove access to the full text. The paper itself will be kept in the database for future research or legal purposes.
• If the paper is under submission, the paper can be automatically rejected by the Editor-in-Chief or the Program Chair without further revisions and without any further plagiarism investigation coordinated by the Editor-in-Chief.
b. Verbatim copying, near-verbatim copying, or purposely paraphrasing sentences of another author’s paper and/or, copying elements of another author’s paper (such as non-common knowledge illustrations and equations) without citing the source and without clearly delineating (e.g., in quotation marks) the source material.
• The authors will be asked to write a formal letter of apology to the authors of the plagiarized paper, including an admission of the plagiarism.
• If the paper has appeared in press, IJR will post a Notice of Plagiarism based on the investigation on the IJR Digital Library’s citation page of the plagiarizing paper and will remove access to the full text. The paper itself will be kept in the database in case of future legal actions.
• If the paper is under submission, the paper can be automatically rejected by the Editor-in-Chief without further revisions and without any further plagiarism investigation coordinated by the IJR. In addition, a letter of warning will be sent by the Editor-in-Chief to the authors with a copy of the IJR Policy and Procedures on Plagiarism.
• The authors will be asked to write a formal letter of apology to the authors of the plagiarized paper, including an admission of the plagiarism.
• If the paper is under submission, at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief or Program Chair, the paper can either be automatically rejected without future review or a revision will be required that clearly and correctly cites the previous work without any further plagiarism investigation coordinated by the • IJR. In addition, a letter of warning will be sent by the Editor-in-Chief or the Program Chair to the authors with a copy of the IJR Policy and Procedures on Plagiarism.
• If the paper has appeared in press, IJR will post a Notice of Self Plagiarism or a Notice of Redundant Publication based on the investigation on the IJR Digital Library’s citation page of the self-plagiarizing paper.
• If the paper is under submission and at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief, the paper can either be automatically rejected without future review or a revision will be required that includes a citation to and discussion of the previous paper and without any further plagiarism investigation coordinated by the IJR. In addition, a letter of warning will be sent by the Editor-in-Chief.
Should the authors refuse to comply with the above (e.g., if they refuse to write a formal letter of apology) or if it is determined during the plagiarism investigation that there have been multiple violations of any of the above forms of plagiarism by the same authors, IJR retains the right to impose further sanctions such as automatic rejection of all current and future submissions for some extended period of time, invoking penalties prescribed by the IJR Codes of Ethics, and possibly statutory/injunctive relief. U.S. Copyright law allows a copyright owner to seek a maximum of $150,000 in damages upon a determination of wilful infringement of copyright.
- The reasons of the retraction of the paper is also published to ensure that the author is discouraged to do so in future.
- The papers retracted will be notified to the authors.
- In no case the processing fee or publication fee will be refunded to such authors as a punishment for this misconduct.
- Such authors will be banned for future for submitting papers for publication.
- Furthermore, Rs 1,000 or $20 will be charged as retraction fee payable by authors.
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